C the law library of congress, global legal research center, 20 pdf. An index of unrest in the arab world by the economist online, february 9, 2011. Case studies of tunisia and egypt abdulsattar, tammam omer msc. Arab spring simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Sep 04, 20 in the second section, we discuss some of the current debates on womens rights in tunisia following the arab spring, including the mobilization of women around the controversial article 28 in the draft of the new constitution. Voices eight years after the arab spring, tunisia is still holding firm. Authoritarian rulers of tunis, libya, and egypt while. Pdf arab spring as a background of civil war in syria.
A popular uprising that began in tunisia and egypt seven years ago, calling for an end to corruption and the creation of economic opportunities, has yet to achieve these goals. The arab spring movement actually originated in december 2010 when police in tunisia seized mohamed bouazizis fruit and vegetable stand. The tunisian revolution as a catalyst to the arab spring. The arab uprising has risen to the academic arena recently in several aspects. This article draws on implications of the arab spring so as to elucidate the. Hundreds of thousands of tunisians took to the streets calling for an end to authoritarian rule.
Political islamism was allowed by both the west and the arab world in tunisia as a. Tunisia s jasmine revolution and the arab spring are unfolding amidst the resurgence of five sets of debates over the proper role of the international community in democracy promotion efforts abroad, including in the middle east and north africa, which were once thought to be impervious to democratic change. Arab spring research guide and notes sheet targets. By womens rights, we mean womens rights in the law as it concerns personal status and family law.
The dilemma felt by arab youth was captured in tunisia by the selfimmolation in 2010 of mohamed bouazizi, who was frustrated by restrictions on his small streetvending business. Arab spring research guide and notes sheet introduction. Pdf the arab uprisings download full pdf book download. What is happening in that territory calls attention to the structure of the uprising. Although the future of the democratic uprisings against oppressive authoritarian regimes remains uncertain in many places, the revolutionary wave that started in tunisia in. Tunisia s voters go to the polls in arab spring s first election. Egypt and then libya, jordan, morocco, bahrain, syria, and beyond. Sixyear report on the arab spring new england complex. Tunisia, and yemen were among the least happy people in the world.
Events of the tunisian revolution the three first years adele aranki nassar preface by peter wallensteen. Arab spring free download as powerpoint presentation. Wednesday, january 11, 2012 abstract tunisia triggered a wave of protests that has been sweeping all over the north africa and the middle east since the early 2011. With the changing incentives post arab spring, the regimes in morocco and tunisia appear to have somewhat learned this lesson. In 2011 prior to the arab spring, the countries of tunisia, egypt and libya shared a. Here we assess the consequences in 16 arab spring states six years after the original predictions. See the events that created todays tunisia from the time of ancient carthage to the recent events of the arab spring. Egyptian revolution, also known as arab spring or arab uprising, was a shock for international community because egypt has been seen as one of the strongest military state in north africa region. The last arab spring country, atlantic council rafik hariri center for the middle east senior fellows mohsin khan and karim mezran survey the successes of tunisias consensusbased transition and the challenges that lie ahead. The arab spring wave in the beginning of 2011 that hit middle eastern countries, started from tunisia, egypt, libya, yemen, and syria, which still continue to this day, is a symbol of the fall of. Tunisia, the first cycle in the arab spring, witnesses a short but bloody transition. This includes the arab spring, which began in tunisia and egypt, where the revolts led to the removal of these countries dictators. What does the arab spring imply for democratization theory.
The second part provides a historical overview of the major events of the arab spring in tunisia, egypt, libya, and yemen, while the third and fourth parts analyze the causes, features, and transition processes of the arab spring from huntingtons third wave perspective. Defining the dangers the popular rebellions that erupted in tunisia, egypt, libya, syria, yemen, and, to a lesser extent. Through interviews with some of the regions leading civic entrepreneurs, including political activists, artists, and technologists. Drawing from theories on nonviolence, mainly gene sharp. Introduction arab spring was the name given to a series of antigovernment protests calling for equitable governance, social justice and socioeconomic opportunities. Redefining the social contract in the wake of the arab spring.
Laughing through the arab spring by bassem youssef pdf hilarious and heartbreaking. While the uprising in tunisia led to some improvements in the country from a humanrights perspective, not all of the nations that witnessed such social and political. Arab spring in tunisia and how the movement spread throughout the region. Meanwhile, there are some critical first steps the u. The events that began in tunisia in january 2011 and spread to.
This site is like a library, use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. Click download or read online button to get turkey the arab spring and beyond book now. Zulkuf aydin sep 2015, 108 pages arab spring is a political concept that spread widely in the media and academic art publications. Former tunisian prime minister mehdi jomaa and the middle east institutes dr. As the wave of arab spring revolutions beginning in tunisia and egypt hit. Tunisia celebrates fifth anniversary of the arab spring time. These events collectively became known as the arab spring or arab revolutions, and in tunisia, libya, egypt and yemen a series of power shifts occurred. This is an interesting index of unrest based off of the factors present in the initial arab spring. The role of islamic law in tunisias constitution and legislation. Turkey the arab spring and beyond download ebook pdf, epub. Arab spring, egypt, revolution, social media, tunisia. This paper uses synthetic control methodology to estimate the output loss in tunisia as a result of the arab spring. The world banks world governance indicators show that although tunisias government has become much more accountable, its effectiveness has declined since 2010.
Paul salem discuss tunisia s relative success in establishing a stable democracy in the wake of the arab spring. It set the motion in the socalled arab spring and successfully demonstrated that social and political transformation. They also wanted more democracy, and end to corruption, and economic opportunity. May 20, 2019 if the legacy of the arab spring is a liberal democratic regime, which the only case this might be true is tunisia, then the importance of the mass movements that produced the toppling of the tunisian government would be most important, but the method by which the new institutions have been decided aka reproduction, as well as the durability. It describes the chain of events that took place and their geographical spread all over the country. A bumpy road ahead pdf by hassan hakimian, director of the london middle east institute and reader, economics department, soas underscores the underlying importance of the economic conditions facing the new republics, such as egypt and tunisia, which are emerging as a result of the arab spring. How can the eu effectively support tunisia and egypt. Long before 2011, this islamist body very different from islamist groups in other countries had been developing in a. Democratization theory and the arab spring journal of. In contrast, the regime in egypt maintains its legitimacy by fiat and repression limiting any prospects of a favourable contract transition.
After the revolt, tunisia held its first free election since it. The selfimmolation of mohammed bouazizi in tunisia in december 2010 heralded the arrival of the arab spring, a startling, yet not unprecedented, era of profound social and political upheaval. Bahrain, egypt, libya, syria, tunisia and yemen ibish, 2012. The meme of the arab spring is characterised by bottomup change, or the lack thereof, and. Jan 29, 2018 six years later, little remains of the hopes that the west saw in the arab spring. How did tunisia avoid the cycle of violence and repression that marred the arab spring. While libya, yemen, and syria have descended into civil war, and egypt into military dictatorship. Oct 09, 2015 in a new atlantic council issue brief, tunisia.
The event set off uprisings across north africa and the. Tunisia has emerged as the one success story of the 2011 arab spring uprisings. In december 2010, protests began against the autocratic government in the northern african country of tunisia. The meme of the arab spring is characterised by bottomup change, or the lack thereof, and its effects are still unfurling today. Its origins, evolution and consequences four years on. It also extends that through these uprisings and civil clashes, protesters succeeded to dethrone longterm. A year of revolution a year ago, a tunisian fruitseller set himself on fire after being humiliated by a police officer. Thi s researc h articl e attempts to scrutinize the nature and cause s of the ara b uprising s which too k people by surpris e globall y throughou t 2011 and int o 2012. We find that with the one exception of tunisia, none of the other 16 states became more democratic as a result of the arab spring, and three countries, libya, yemen, and syria, became failed states with governance failures and civil wars. Instead, that spring has given way to a winter of economic stagnation and political violence that has plunged syria, libya and yemen into bloody civil war, has led to widespread unrest in egypt, iraq and bahrain, and threatens to destabilize arab governments from morocco to saudi arabia. This transition, which is called the jasmine revolution, comes to an end with the surrender of. Comedy shouldnt take courage, but it made an exception for bassem. The methodology employed to examine these elements is an intensive approach with a comparative aim. As large swathes of europe and america fall for the lures of the far right and the cheap tricks of pound shop populism.
The role of islamic law in tunisias constitution and. Although praised for its relatively peaceful transition to. The role of islamic law in tunisias constitution and legislation postarab spring. In this article, we first reexamine the relationship between democracy and the twin tolerations in the worlds muslimmajority countries that are democraciesindonesia, turkey, senegal and tunisia, as well as in muslimminority india. A case study of revolution in north africa and the middle east. Five years after the start of the arab uprisings, mainstream islamist groups find themselves between what has been termed the twin shocks of the arab spring. This report highlights the episodes, which led to the commonly called arab spring that originated in tunisia. Bringing your students closer to the region of north africa is an opportunity you wont want to miss. These protests included rallies, sitins, and strikes, during which there were two fatalities, an. Click download or read online button to get after the arab spring book now. The impact of the arab spring on the tunisian economy. The arab spring was triggered in tunisia when mohamed bouazizi set himself on fire after claiming he was slapped by policewoman fedia hamdi.
Mohammed bouazizi, died when he set himself ablaze and thus ignited the arab spring. After the arab spring download ebook pdf, epub, tuebl, mobi. As of may 2018, only the uprising in tunisia has resulted in a transition to. What has happened in tunisia that caused zorgui to follow bouazizis suicidal path and for the country to experience so much unrest. The future of the arab spring examines the spirit of civic entrepreneurship that brought once untouchable dictators to their knees and continues to shape the regions political, artistic, and technology sectors. The roots and causes of the 2011 arab uprisings kamal eldin osman salih abstract. Eight years after the arab spring, tunisia is still.514 335 722 306 1125 289 1114 1075 1266 639 269 1201 1467 1146 20 1604 371 70 283 331 239 901 1485 848 1497 1105 1018 477 556 196